The ecological profile is more comprehensive which gives equal coverage to the physical, biological, socio-economic, cultural and built environments.
Based on the 2010 Census of National Statistics Office (NSO), Libungan had a total population of 45,295 slightly dominated by the male population. Per age grouping, 48% belong to the school going age population, 60% are along the working age population while 38% are dependent population. Generally, the male population had slight domination of at least 2% against the female population.
Moreover, in terms of population density, Abaga & Poblacion are more populated than the other barangays with 8 persons per hectare for Abaga and 33 for Poblacion while the average for the municipality is 2 persons per hectare.
There was an increase in population but the corresponding urban population growth decreased by 94 in 2010 compared with 2000. One reason might be that some households formerly residing in the public market that were affected by the improvement of the public market have relocated in other barangays of the municipality.
Historically, the population had consistently increased in the year 1990 having the highest increase in population with 11,670. The LGU now is optimistic that through its rural accessibility projects population and economic activities in the barangays will increase.
For the past 5 years, the municipality had decreasing birth rates and very low average death rates. The Local Health Office might have succeeded in its campaign on birth control and family planning services in the barangays. The decreasing birth rate was a verification to the decreasing population growth. Literacy rate in the municipality was generally high at 94.30%. It may be attributed to the existence of an elementary school per barangay; an annex elementary school in far flung sitios and the on-going establishment of four (4) more high schools in strategic barangays to cater more high school students. The LGU in fact have an on-going scholarship program dubbed ARAL covering elementary, high school, vocational and college students. The LGU hopes to cover at least 100% 6th grade school participation rate in the near future.
The total population of 15,543 or 57.63% of the total labor force are economically active while 10,020 or 37.15% are not in the labor force and 5.22% are unemployed. The male population had the most number in the labor force with 52.00% share , likewise the male population dominated those who are employed at 4% difference.
The total household population of ages 5 years old and above by highest educational attainment and age reached to 40,652. Out of this figure, 100.00% have elementary education, 185.16% got secondary education, 28.72% are college undergraduate, 24.43% are academic degree holders, while 0.60% got Post Baccalaureate. Another 18.55% got pre-school and the remaining 6.08% has not attended school at all.
As to Mother tongue origins, Libunganon, are dominantly Cebuano-speaking people followed by Hiligaynon/Ilonggo’s and Ilocanos. With regards to disability, the MSWDO recorded at least 287 cases dominated by the male population and the primary case is the physical deformity (polio), which totalled to 57 persons.
In terms of religious affiliations, Libunganons are dominantly Catholic adherents comprising about 83.71% of the total household population in 1990, followed by UCCP.
As to Marital Status, most of the Libunganon are legally married followed by those with single civil status, which are primarily under 20 age group. In terms of economic dependency, the ratio is 2:1, meaning there are two (2) employed persons to support one (1) dependent.
Based on 2010 NSO report, the projected population of the municipality for 2013 is 45,759 and 47,178 in 2022 while the projected number of households for 2013 is 10,115 and 10,438 in 2022. The participation rate was used in the projection of municipal population estimates as well as distribution of the population by barangay, school going age, labor force and dependent populations. Up to 2022 however, no rural barangay will have attained the 5,000 population benchmark for urban classification.